Last edited by Faeramar
Friday, August 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Palmerston"s Folly", the Portsdown and Spithead forts. found in the catalog.

Palmerston"s Folly", the Portsdown and Spithead forts.

A. Temple Patterson

Palmerston"s Folly", the Portsdown and Spithead forts.

by A. Temple Patterson

  • 138 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Portsmouth City Council in Portsmouth .
Written in English


Edition Notes

SeriesPortsmouth papers -- No.3
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17353333M

Fort Nelson reopens on 11th August. Fort Nelson will be open from 11 August Once again, visitors will be able to enjoy the panoramic views from the fort’s ramparts, explore the main tunnel, get up close to collection highlights in the Voice of the Guns gallery and visit the newly refurbished Artillery Hall. From 18 March the Royal Armouries Museum in Leeds and Fort Nelson will be closed to visitors until further notice. Consequently, all club and society meetings are suspended until further notice. The Palmerston Forts Society was formed in using Fort Nelson, purchased by Hampshire County Council, as their H.Q. The Society intended to help with restoration and interpretation, for.

The third fort, Horse Sand, is used to record the history of the forts – known as Palmerston's Follies – and retains chambers, gun quarters and armour plated walls. Horse Sand Fort. The two hotels are being marketed by Collier and the estimate freehold for the pair is in excess of £8m. Spitbank Fort was restored into a museum and in work began on transforming the first Solent Forts into luxury hotels, opened in In the same year, Horse Sand and No Man’s Land forts were bought, one converted into a living museum and the other into the grand luxury hotel and events venue that stands in the waters of Solent today.

Fort Wallington. Fort Wallington was constructed at the western end of Portsdown Hill overlooking Wallington village between - It is the smallest of the hill forts and is six sided in design as it was the link between the Portsdown and Gosport forts it needed to be able to fire in all directions. Frequently Asked Questions. I am trying to find a list of the Palmerston Forts. I am told that there are The term Palmerston Fort refers by definition to those forts built at the instigation of Lord Palmerston. The majority of the post forts were built under the terms of the Royal Commission and were referred to as the Royal Commission Forts.


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Palmerston"s Folly", the Portsdown and Spithead forts by A. Temple Patterson Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Palmerston Forts are a group of forts and associated structures around the coasts of the United Kingdom and Ireland. The forts were built during the Victorian period on the recommendations of the Royal Commission on the Defence of the United Kingdom, prompted by concerns about the strength of the French Navy, and strenuous debate in Parliament about whether the cost could be.

The Palmerston Forts that encircle Portsmouth were built in response to the Royal Commission dealing with the perceived threat of a French invasion. The forts were intended to defend the Dockyard in Portsmouth.

Construction was carried out by the Royal Engineers and civilian contractors (under Royal Engineer supervision). In addition to the newly constructed forts, extensive work was. Spit Bank Fort, Horse Sand Fort, St Helens Fort and No Mans Land Fort, built to protect the maritime access to Spithead and the entrance to Portsmouth Harbour.

The forts were built in response to the threat of a French invasion under Napoleon and were commissioned by Lord Henry Palmerston, Prime Minister of the day, to protect Portsmouth.

The Portsdown and Spithead forts have been mocked as ‘Palmerston’s Folly’ for nearly two centuries. The project of construction of these ports was initiated by a royal commission in for the purpose of defending the coast of England from the attack by France.

Captain Cowper Coles and his supporters, proclaiming the necessity of. The Society is based at Fort Nelson, Fareham, in one of the Great Portsdown Forts built during the ’s to defend Portsdown Hill from occupation by an invading army.

Had an enemy been positioned on the hill, then Portsmouth harbour and dockyard would have been vulnerable to artillery fire. From the arrival of Louis-Napoleon as President in up until the debacle inFranco-British relations saw a roller-coaster ride, from close partnership (during the Crimean war) to downright hostility.

And yet the period is characterised by the expression, used by Palmerston in“entente cordial” or warm understanding. Indeed, during the more hostile [ ]. Fort Purbrook: Several generations of Portsmouth people have given the nickname "Palmerston's Folly" to the Victorian forts on Portsdown Hill.

Spithead Shoals, which rise like artificial island out at sea are sometimes included in this comment. The forts on the crest of the hill overlooking the town and harbour face inland, and to some people look the wrong way.

Not all of the forts were Palmerston Forts, and they were certainly not a folly. The term 'Palmerston's Folly' was used by those politically opposed to Palmerston, but not only to forts.

The first mention of ‘Palmerston’s Folly’, referring to the money spent on the Royal Commission fortifications, was in the Press Friday 27 July The Spithead forts were built in the Solent in the 's to protect Portsmouth from bombardment from the sea, at the same time as the Gosport and Portsdown land forts were built.

Horse Sands, No Mans Land and St Helens Forts were builtand Spitbank was started two years later. Ryde Fort was abandoned shortly after construction started.

Details. SU 60 NW SOUTHWICK AND WIDLEY PORTSDOWN HILL 13/12 Fort Southwick I One of a series of forts (Wallington (now demolished), Nelson, Southwick, Widley and Purbrook) along the chalk ridge of Portsdown Hill, built for the defence of Portsmouth against landward attack in the s, and known as Palmerston's Folly.

Spitbank Fort: Built between andthe smallest of the 3 main forts, ' across, with 1 floor and a basement, with armour plating only on the seaward was originally planned to have armed with 9 10" eighteen ton RML guns on the seaward side, and 6. On the Cornish side around the Rame Peninsula, coastal gun batteries & forts snake the coastline from Garden Battery at Mount Edgcumbe to Scraesdon Fort at Antony & although some were lost to demolition in the 's, there has been excellent works to preserve their status from current tenants who look after the structures including the Rame Conservation Trust, Mount Edgcumbe Estate, Defence.

At the same time, land forts in Gosport and Portsdown were also built to counteract any other land or sea attack. They were never used in anger and have become known locally as "Palmerston's Follies" after the Prime Minister of the time. Horse-Sands, No Mans Land and St Helen's were constructed between Now open.

Pre-booking is er the national collection of artillery. Explore acres of ramparts, outer fortifications, and secret underground tunnels. This fully restored Victorian fort sits on top of Portsdown Hill overlooking the animals except assistance (guide/hearing) now.

Some were erected on bombsites. Others were erected on Portsdown hill above Cosham. More than prefab houses were built in Several new council estates were built in Portsmouth in the early 's. Among these was Portsdown Park, a mixture of flats and houses built on Portsdown Hill above Cosham.

But Portsdown Park soon began to. Fort Southwick occupies the high point of the hill and held the water storage tanks for the other forts, feeding them through a brick lined aqueduct.

The fort was disarmed in but was retained as a barracks. It was also used by the army to train soldiers how to capture and hold a fort. Books Best Sellers & more Top New Releases Deals in Books School Books Textbooks Books Outlet Children's Books Calendars & Diaries Audible Audiobooks Palmerston's Folly - The Portsdown And Spithead Forts.

by The Portsmouth Papers | 1 Jan Paperback Currently unavailable. Books and journals Lloyd, D W, Buildings of Portsmouth and its Environs, (), 80,81 Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (),Corney, A, 'Portsmouth City Museums' in Fort Widley and the Great Forts on Portsdown, ().

Spitbank fort was designed to defend Portsmouth Harbour from French invasion, however when that threat was never realised, the sea forts, along with land forts like nearby Fort Nelson and Fort Widley, were branded as "Palmerston's Follies." However Mr Hall sees Spitbank Fort as being militarily significant.

They were constructed at the same time as the Portsdown and Spithead Forts and Fort Fareham. The 3 main polygonal shaped forts, all with circular keeps and 83 guns, are Fort Brockhurst, Fort Grange and Fort Rowner.

Fort Elson and Fort Gomer at the north. The chain of forts and batteries were divided by the estuaries of the Lynher, Hamoaze and Cattewater, with three principal forts based at Staddon on the east, Crownhill in the centre and Tregantle in Cornwall on the west providing the anchor points for the 17 or so forts and batteries of the land defences.

Crownhill Fort is the best known of.Lord Palmerston, English Whig-Liberal statesman whose long career, including many years as British foreign secretary (–34, –41, and –51) and prime minister (–58 and –65), made him a symbol of British nationalism.

He was the dominant political personality of mid-Victorian Britain. There are three Forts along the top of Portsdown Hill, Fort Widley which is now an Equestrian Centre,(hire a horse or have riding lessons), Fort Purbrook, and Fort Nelson, which is now the Royal Armouries, (free admission) and to one side of this Fort, is Nelson's Monument which overlooks Portsmouth Harbour TripAdvisor reviews.